Norlaila Mustafa, Nor Azmi Kamarudin, Ab Aziz Ismail, Amir Sharifuddin Khir, Ikram Shah Ismail, Kamarul Imran Musa, Khalid Abdul Kadir, Nor Azwany Yaacob, Osman Ali, Siti Harnida Md Isa, Wan Mohamad Wan Bebakar and Wan Nazaimoon Wan Mohamud (2011). Prevalence of abnormal glucose tolerence and risk factors in urban and rural Malaysia. Diabetes Care 34(6): 1362-1364
OBJECTIVE - To determine the prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes among rural and urban Malaysians. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - This cross-sectional survey was conducted among 3,879 Malaysian adults (1,335 men and 2,544 women). All subjects underwent the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). RESULTS - The overall prevalence of prediabetes was 22.1% (30.2% in men and 69.8% in women). Isolated impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) were found in 3.4 and 16.1% of the study population, respectively, whereas 2.6% of the subjects had both IFG and IGT. Based on an OGTT, the prevalence of newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes was 12.6% (31.0% in men and 69.0% in women). The prediabetic subjects also had an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors. CONCLUSIONS - The large proportion of undiagnosed cases of prediabetes and diabetes reflects the lack of public awareness of the disease.